This is the website of Falklands Wars – the History of the Falkland Islands. A timeline account of events in the Falkland Islands and the South Atlantic from 1480 to 2017.
The story of the Falkland Islands, the sub-Antarctic Islands and Antarctica can be discovered in the words of those that were there; the people that played a part – their journals, notes, speeches and memos. Allow me to introduce a few of them.
1480 – 1747 Age of Discovery
From Pope Sixtus IV to Lord Anson, via Cristoforo Colombo, Pope Alexander VI, Tordesillas, Americus Vespucius, Magellan, Carmargo, Francis Drake, John Davis, Richard Hawkins, Sebald de Weerdt, Narborough, Anthony de la Roche, Dampier, Cook & Cowley, John Strong, Woodes Rogers and Amédée-François Frézier.
1748 – 1774 Establishment
From Anson to Pellón, via Wall, José de Carvajal, Keene, Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, Arriaga, Malouines, Earl Egmont, John Byron, Choiseul, Grimaldi, Lord Rochford, Manila Ransom, Masserano, John MacBride, Earl Shelburn, Wallis & Carteret, Bucarelli, Harris, Puente, Hunt & Farmer, Carrington Bowles, Juan Ignacio Madariaga, Rubalcava, Lord Weymouth, Lord North and Clayton
1775 – 1815 Whalers & Sealers
From Cook to Carlos Alvear, via Francis Rotch, Samuel Enderby, Lopez, Gil y Lemos, Pedro de Cevallos, Galvez, Vértiz, Juan Pascual Callejas, Edgar, Portlock & Dixon, Delano, John Loveday, Lord Hawkesbury, Nootka Sound, Board of Trade, Floridablanca, Lord Leeds, Fitzherbert, Pitt, Alejandro Malaspina, Otto, Cornwallis, Bordas, Francisco Javier de Elio, Paul Guillén Martinez and Artigas
1816 – 1829 Claims
From Rivadavia to Rosas, via San Martin, Quintana, John Quincy Adams, Rodney, Bland & Graham, Lynch, David Jewett, Forbes, Weddell, Orne, Powell & Palmer, Mason, Luis Vernet, Pacheco, Woodbine Parish, Canning, Rodríguez, Schofield, Monroe Doctrine, Areguati, Andrew Low, Griffiths & Pousett, Emilio Vernet, Nuñez, Lord Ponsonby, Langdon, Lavalle, Lord Aberdeen, Jenner and Wellington
1830 – 1833 Counter Claims
From Luis Vernet to Rivero, via Matthew Brisbane, Van Burren, Davison, Carew & Congar, Smyley, Fox, Metcalf, Slacum, Belcarce, USS Lexington, Silas Duncan, Van Ness, Francis Baylies, Livingstone, Dickson, Garcia, Lord Palmerston, Rodgers, Bankhead, Jenner, Maza, Baker, José María Pinedo, Mestivier, John James Onslow, Belford Hinton Wilson, Fitzroy, Darwin, Gore and Manuel Moreno
1834 – 1852 Colonization
From Palmerston to Juan Rosas, via Smith, Titus Coan, Van Ness, Antonio Rivero, Fitzroy, George Whitington, William Low, Vernet, Moreno, Hamond, Lavalleja, Grey, Lafone, Lowcay, John Mandeville, Sullivan, Alvear, Forsyth, Arana, Smyth, Antonina Kenny, Robinson, Lord John Russell, Tyssen, John Bull Whitington, Webster, Richard Moody, Lord Aberdeen, Ross, Lord Stanley, Watterson, Hood, George Rennie and Henry Southern
1853 – 1899 Consolidation
From Rennie to Goldsworthy, via Clift, Marcy, Eldridge, Smyley, Lynch, Bernsée, Lord Clarendon, Sir George Grey, Crampton, Thomas Laws Moore, Parry, Luis Vernet, Harrowby, Labouchere, Earl Carnarvon, Moore, Bartolomé Mitre, Admiral Pinzón, Sarmiento, D’Arcy, Callaghan, Vernet’s heirs, Kerr, Latzina, Francisco Ortiz, Dominguez, Roca, Monson, Granville, Bayard, Vicente Quesada, Packenham and Costa
1900 – 1959 Pin Pricks & Antarctic Pretensions
From Larsen to Perón, via William Spiers Bruce, Haggard, Allardyce, Swinhoe, Hodges, Churchill, Townley, Gaston de Bernhardt, Maximilian von Spee, Sturdee, Young, Letters Patent, League of Nations, Pueyrredon, Middleton, Ernest Shackleton, Hodson, Robertson, Dr. Sagarna, Fitzmaurice, O’Grady, Palacios, Henniker-Heaton, Eden, Henderson, Malbran, Dodd, Cardinall, Operation Tabarin, Clifford, Videla, Bevin, Bramuglia, Arthur and Arrowsmith
1960 – 1971 Decolonization & Rights
From Khrushchev to Scott, via Arturo Illia, Haskard, José María Ruda, King, Velazquez, Caradon, Garcia del Solar, Ortiz, Stewart, Hohler, George Brown, Creswell, Lord Caradon, Nicanor Costa Méndez, Barton, Goss, Miller & Bonner, Lord Chalfont, McLoughlin, Beith, Goronwy Roberts, Pitaluga, Lewis and Beltramino
1972 – 1982 Negotiation
From Lewis to Hunt, via Campora, Perón Vignes, Alec Douglas-Home, Anchorena, Callaghan, Carless, Ennals, Ashe, Robledo, Castex, Lord Shackleton, French, Judge Dillard, Quijano, Edward Rowlands, Videla, Guzzetti, Massera, Allara, Crosland, Gott, Owen, Montes, Bill Hunter Christie, Davidoff, Margaret Thatcher, Ure, Ridley, Carrington, Cavándoli, Parker, Pastor, Amery, Adrian Monk, Ros, Camilion, Anaya, Williams, Costa Mendez, Luce, Shlaudeman, Sir Henry Leach and Galtieri
74 days in 1982 Trial by Combat
From Galtieri to Thatcher, via Hunt, Busssers, Garcia, Mario Menendez, Allara, Haig, Reagan, Lewin, Parsons, Nott, Jeanne Kirkpatrick, Henderson, Mills, Noot, Pym, Vernon Walters, Méndez, Anaya, Dozo, Pérez de Cuéllar, Henderson, Takacs, Rouco, Alfredo Astiz, McFarlane, Belgrano, Piaggi, Lombardo, Belaunde, Weinberger, Ahmed, Ros, Stoessel, Turbay, Pope John Paul II, Dorr, Lord Shackleton, Mitterand, Hussey, Rose, Carlos Bloomer-Reeve and Moore
1982 – 1990 Reconstruction
From Thatcher to Major, via Menendez, Hunt, Parsons, Galtieri, Kirkpatrick, Pym, Thorne, Listre, Pérez de Cuéllar, Stoessel, Bignone, Lord Franks, Haig, Aguirre Lanari, Enders, John Cheek & Anthony Blake, Abdulah, Shultz, Reagan, Thompson, Lord Shackleton, Raúl Alfonsín, Sábato, Caputo, Howe, Jewkes, Renton, Foulkes, Lord Trefgarne, Tickell, Menem and John Major
1991 – 2011 Pin Pricks Renewed
From Menem to Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, via Thatcher, Tatham, Douglas Hurd, Guido di Tella, Menem, Pfirter, Judge Vereshchetin, Goss & Edwards, Betts, Dominguez, Halford, Tony Blair, Sukey Cameron, Cisneros, Jan Cheek, Cook, Hoon, Judge Torres Bernárdez, Cockwell & Birmingham, Dulhalde, Straw, Prince Andrew, Nestor Kirchner, Summers, Bonzo, Joe Bossano, Brown, Cameron, Haywood, Lyall Grant, Short, Sawle, Mujica, Argüello and Puricelli
2012 – 2017 Referenda & Repetition
From Hague to May, via Prince William, Timerman, Kirchner, Short, Edwards & Summers, Lidington, David Cameron, Almagro, Lyall Grant, Sawle, Fabian Picardo, Jaime Trobo, Filmus, Duncan, Alicia Castro, Top Gear, Marcelo Kohen, Escude, Fallon, Hammond, Mauricio Macri, Malcorra, Alan Duncan, Pinedo, Hansen, Carreño, Boris Johnson and Mario Diaz-Balart
I hope the work is of some use.
About the Author.
Roger Lorton received a Secondary Modern education before leaving school in 1971 at the age of 16 and joining his local Police Force. Attended University part-time in his 30’s gaining an LL.B (Hon) and M.Phil before adding a Cert.Ed and teaching in Police Colleges for ten years. Author of A-Z of Policing Law, A-Z of Countryside Law and A-Z of Neighbourhood Law with The Stationary Office. Retiring in 2004, he became interested in the Falkland Islands and started researching the history of the archipelago around 2009. In 2016 the author was honoured to be awarded the Queen’s Certificate and Badge of Honour by the Falklands’ people for his research.