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Link – 1991 to 2011
The agreements of 1989 and 1990 appear to have effectively settled any remaining questions regarding Falklands sovereignty at the United Nations, if not within Argentina.
General Assembly Resolution 43/25 of 1989 had requested the governments of Argentina and Great Britain to initiate negotiations with a view to finding the means to resolve peacefully and definitively the problems pending between both countries. The ‘means‘ was the imposition of a ‘sovereignty umbrella‘ upon talks between the two nations. In other words, the subject of sovereignty was not to be on the agenda; allowing for the resumption of diplomatic relations and discussions on improving relationships.
The United Nations was satisfied. Sufficiently so that there have been no General Assembly Resolutions on the subject since diplomatic relations were resumed. Part of the 1989/90 deal also appears to be that no further resolutions will get through to the General Assembly for adoption. This allows for Argentina to vent its frustrations publicly before the Special Committee on Decolonization, and even the Fourth Committee, but prevents any draft-resolutions from the Special Committee going further. An unconsidered side-effect being an increasingly frustrated and biased Special Committee.
Evidence suggests that UN Members are also subject to this ‘sovereignty umbrella‘ as, despite there being an option for any Member to raise the Falklands before the General Assembly, to-date this has not occurred. Quite how this works is not clear however as the details of the arrangement have not been released. Whatever these are, in 1994 Britain’s Foreign Secretary felt able to say that the question of Falklands sovereignty had been effectively resolved. A statement repeated by British Ministers in 2012 and 2016.
Argentina, needless to say, does not see it that way. Hence the pin-prick approach to annoying the Islanders, prevalent in the early 20th century, resumed as the century turned and the world entered the 21st.
An Archaeological Survey of Port Egmont, Falkland Islands August 1992 by Robert A. Philpott 1996
Back to the Future? Implementing the Anglo-Argentine 14 July 1999 Joint Statement by Klaus Dodds & Lara Manovil 2001