1991 – 2011 Pin Pricks Renewed

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Link – 1991 to 2011

The agreements of 1989 and 1990 appear to have effectively settled any remaining questions regarding Falklands sovereignty at the United Nations, if not within Argentina.

General Assembly Resolution 43/25 of 1989 had requested the governments of Argentina and Great Britain to initiate negotiations with a view to finding the means to resolve peacefully and definitively the problems pending between both countries. The ‘means‘ was the imposition of a ‘sovereignty umbrella‘ upon talks between the two nations. In other words, the subject of sovereignty was not to be on the agenda; allowing for the resumption of diplomatic relations and discussions on improving relationships.

MLAs Summers and Edwards at the C24

MLAs Summers & Edwards at the UN’s Special Committee on Decolonization

The United Nations was satisfied. Sufficiently so that there have been no General Assembly Resolutions on the subject since diplomatic relations were resumed. Part of the 1989/90 deal also appears to be that no further resolutions will get through to the General Assembly for adoption. This allows for Argentina to vent its frustrations publicly before the Special Committee on Decolonization, and even the Fourth Committee, but prevents any draft-resolutions from the Special Committee going further. An unconsidered side-effect being an increasingly frustrated and biased Special Committee.

Evidence suggests that UN Members are also subject to this ‘sovereignty umbrella‘ as, despite there being an option for any Member to raise the Falklands before the General Assembly, to-date this has not occurred. Quite how this works is not clear however as the details of the arrangement have not been released. Whatever these are, in 1994 Britain’s Foreign Secretary felt able to say that the question of Falklands sovereignty had been effectively resolved. A statement repeated by British Ministers in 2012 and 2016.

Argentina, needless to say, does not see it that way. Hence the pin-prick approach to annoying the Islanders, prevalent in the early 20th century, resumed as the century turned and the world entered the 21st.

Argentina’s flea-bites.


Relevant Resources:

Joint Statement September 25, 1991

Falkland Islands Continental Shelf Proclamation 1991

An Archaeological Survey of Port Egmont, Falkland Islands August 1992 by Robert A. Philpott 1996

Falklands Future in Own Hands – Douglas Hurd 1994

Joint Declaration on Cooperation Over Offshore Activities in the South West Atlantic 1995

The Falkland Islands Constitution (Amendment) Order 1997

The Falkland Islands Constitution Order 1985 (as amended by the Falkland Islands Constitution (Amendment) Order 1997)

Joint Statement 1999

Back to the Future? Implementing the Anglo-Argentine 14 July 1999 Joint Statement  by Klaus Dodds & Lara Manovil 2001

Note on Flights and Navigation 2001

Agreement on Mine Clearance Feasibility Study 2001

The Falklands: 25 years on (2007)

The Falkland Islands Constitution Order 2008

Memorandum by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office: HMGs current policy towards the UN Decolonization Committee 2010

Memorandum by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office: HMGs current policy towards the UN Decolonization Committee 2010

House of Commons Briefing Note 2010